african understanding of god

(viii) God is All-present ( Omnipresent). Like Greek, Middle Eastern, and Indian mythologies, the West African mythology offers a sophisticated understanding of creation and humanity. Cape Town, South Africa: Potchefstroom University. [web:]. By the end of this lesson, you should a. Either way, however, the world as we see it today is a direct result of the activities of the Supreme Being and so it is legitimate to say that he created this world. How, then, are we to think about the Supreme Being as Christians? BOWERS, P. 2002. Indeed, we must affirm that the Bible is correct when it asserts that God’s divinity and power have been plain since the creation of the world (Romans 1:19-20). I recommend this source. African Spirituality: Understanding Its Forms, Meanings, and Expressions October 25, 2017 By Rebecca Davis Leave a Comment African spirituality is a way of life. The African understanding of immortality is tied to remembrance after death. Rather, the Supreme Being commissions other beings in the spiritual hierarchy to undertake these tasks. London: Edinburgh House press. The fundamental problem with constructing an African religious cosmology is to understand how the one god and the many gods or lesser deities can co-exist in the African context. This Supreme Being, God, is believed to be the Creator of everything and Sustainer of life. It was expressed by wearing various charms and believing in their power and through proverbs, folktales and myths. 1985. Enter your email to calculate the total cost. In contemplating this point Gehman (2005: 320) helpfully states, “Whatever tragedy is experienced is blamed on witchcraft or the living-dead. Yet, there are significant similarities at the same time. Thus, in this area, we observe a stark contrast between the biblical God and the Supreme Being. 6 . Enter your name and email below and I'll send it to you. The human person, created in the image and likeness of God, participates in and represents the essential truth and goodness of God. For example, farming activities involved God, spirits and ancestors. Africa Christian press. The term for God in many African traditions is identified with the terms for sky, thunder, rainfall, lightening etc. God was the creator of the universe. However, the origin of God is generally a mystery; different myths exist in different African cultures trying to explain God’s origin. 2nd ed. Complimenting this power, the Supreme Being is seen to have complete knowledge (Mbiti, 1991: 56), to be present everywhere (O’Donovan, 1995: 41), and to be eternal (Nyirongo, 1997: 11). ... As above, so it is below. Grand Rapids, MI : BridgePoint Books. As a result, it is the community who is most offended, by these social ills, and it is they who take the responsibility to discipline the offender. Indeed, God promises that he is judging sin now (Romans 1:24) and will do so in a more comprehensive way in the future (2 Peter 3:7). These five basic beliefs that make up the African traditional religion are corroborated by the work of Vincent Okungu, who argued that a slight difference might be observed in these component elements with different people groups in Africa to demonstrate the peoples’ understanding of God in their locality. The visible/ earth. In spite of thephilosophical inquiries or analyses undertaken by individualmoralphilosophers regarding morality … What are the most commonly recognized spiritual forces in African religions? Women's Experiences of God. 1991. SMITH, E.W. Understanding God – Knowing Him Personally Another way of understanding God is to study the life of His Son, Jesus. The global God: multicultural evangelical views of God. Examples of where this difference is manifested are, amongst others, holiness, justice, knowledge and relationship. Indeed, they can go no further because, although humans can pray to the Supreme Being in certain situations (O’Donovan, 1995: 42), he never interacts with, or personally reveals himself to, the people of Africa (Turaki, 1999: 160). Most practitioners of African Traditional Religion have an understanding of a creator God, but this normally refined and broaden when one becomes a Christian. He has no physical form and is invisible. At the outset I need to say that one of the major problems in a study such as this is its vastness. Understood as the such, African Christian theology has been The works of African scholars for the past three decades have established the fact that Africans have a concept of an universal God and the Creator (Idowu, 1962; Mbiti, 1975). Return to essay, ⁵ It is worth noting that most conceive sin to be originally against the Supreme Being, and that is what plunged the world into its current state (Nyirongo, 1997: 61). African understanding of religion acknowledges the existence of an invisible spiritual world and simultaneously maintains that all things are united and interconnected (Thorpe 1992:112). Secondly, Africans have distorted their knowledge of God. At different times and in different places, Western Christianity has, for … Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers. Our knowledge of God cannot be exhaustive, for the finite is attempting to understand the Infinite who has revealed Himself. African religion centres on belief and practices. God has not left himself without a witness in Africa; no, he has clearly spoken through what has been made. I have opted to include fewer differences not because there are not many, but because more explanation is required. By this I am not suggesting that God has not revealed himself through what is commonly referred to as ‘general revelation’⁴. 6 . We handle assignments in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals, A photo posted by Writemyclassessay (@writemyclassessay) on Oct 13, 2016 at 11:26pm PDT, We handle papers in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals. African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa.It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures.In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. African Journal of Evangelical Theology, 21(2): 109-126. Instead, the two go hand and hand and influence a person’s everyday behavior. KATO, B. The biblical God says that sin is against him personally (Psalm 51:4), and causes him great offense (Hosea 9:15). In the African traditional religions, ancestors were never considered demonic or as part of evil spirits (2007;383). Click Order now to have a similar paper completed for you by our team of Experts. (vii) God is All-understanding and knows everything. Oneness of God joined its moral vision with the traditional activities, which have opened the way to the triumph of the African traditional religious followers in their expectations of life and spiritual satisfactions. Click continue to fill in your Assignment details and make an order. TOZER, A.W. Idowu calls the Yoruba religion “diffused” monotheism. Hands down the best site so far. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Part 1. What are the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding? African turn to God when in trouble and seeking peace, happiness, and security. OLUPONA: If we lose traditional African religions, we would also lose or continue to seriously undermine the African practice of rites of passage such as the much cherished age-grade initiations, which have for so long integrated and bought Africans together under a common understanding, or worldview. Therefore we clearly see that it is not the Supreme Being who is offended by these social ills. African theology: its history, dynamics, scope and future. In this case, so-called "salvation history" must widen its outreach in order to embrace the horizons of other peoples’ histories”. I have opted to not include the concept of transcendence under similarities for I believe it to be an area where African theologians have fundamentally misrepresented African religion, by “‘baptising’ the data in order to project a traditional religion that is compatible with Christianity” (Bowers, 2002: 118). In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. Attempting to distill the religious beliefs of about 1 billion people is no small task; especially when these people are at no point static in their beliefs. Human understanding of God is further limited by the finite faculties that man has been created with. God is the Supreme entity to the adherents of the traditional religions of Africa and is considered to be the origin of everything in this universe. During various rituals, such as naming, marriage, burial rites that were performed in sacred places, people gained religious understanding of life in traditional Africa. Even thoughmorality is the subject matter of ethics, it is most often usedinterchangeably with ‘ethics’. After creation is done, the High god retires with little interest in, or control of, the universe. KATO, B. ... God in Africa, Cape Cod, MA: Claude Stark. In light of the above it seems that we should affirm the similarities between the biblical God and the African God. Therefore, Africa has effectively made its own God. This ordering is what is referred to as the hierarchy of beings. By this Africans understand that God is not only kind, but that he does not do wrong. eds. Of each he created male and female. Tozer (1994:11) famously suggests that “What comes into our minds when we think about God is the most important thing about us”. Therefore, we need to be aware of this idolatry and proclaim with great boldness the God of the Bible throughout Africa. Yet the Bible cannot conceive of the One True God like that. The Yoruba people of Nigeria, for example, worship a storm god, Shango, who controls thunder and lightning. INTRODUCTION Philosophy as a discipline is the reflection of mankind on the ideas and institutions guiding their existence. 1994. of God in any African Traditional Religion is asking for trouble, because the meaning of the English terms come with such a long his-tory, from the Latin, of theological baggage, that it is not at all natural to give space to the African meanings in their context. Answers (i) God is a Spirit. Also that he continues to speak to all the tribes of Africa who have not heard the Gospel can also not be denied. Our aim is to help you get A+ grades on your Coursework. He has no physical form and is invisible. God gave life to the tortoises and men, but not to the stones. The universe has a specific order of created beings, with God the creator occupying the highest rank. For Blacks, a God who does not care does not count, and they believe that the sovereign God continues to intervene in history in very concrete ways on their behalf. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. The African continent includes so many countries, regions, languages, tribes, cultures and crossovers that the sheer diversity of prevailing Gods would seem overwhelming if there weren’t a few handy shortcuts. God is seldom charged with wrong doing in Africa”. Biblical Christianity in African perspective. God created the tortoise (turtle), men and stones. Using Readings 5 , 6 and 7 summarize the African understanding of God and his/her characteristics, as well as the set of moral and spiritual values used by Africans to define a genuine human being and a genuine man/woman of God Monotheism’s insistence on the The invisible world is the residing place of God, the ancestors and all the spirits and powers. These basic beliefs are: 1. African scholars do not present one unified understanding of religion. Return to essay, ⁴ In fact, Nyirongo (1997: 16) states, “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. It seems that we need to heed Turaki’s (1999: 149-150) warning to not violate Africa’s holistic view of the world by interpreting the Supreme Being’s transcendence in absolute terms. Will definitely come back again.nCheers!!! Traditional African belief is … The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. because there is a correlation between the African understanding of family and the Church as family of God. Chapter 3 describes the basic beliefs in African traditional religions, several African ethnic groups’ concepts of God, and the African theologians’ Christianization of the African God by employing Christian theological terms. Write My Essay We are the most trusted essay writing service. African mythology Ancient Egyptian. Moreover, the Supreme Being sustains this world; that in the sense that he keeps everything which he made in existence at every given moment, and in the sense that he is seen to be the one who provides and protects this world³ (Mbiti, 1991: 49, 52). I have to say that you have exceeded my expectations. Explain the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding. MBITI, J.S. This is what one finds when you walk into Africa, and this is what the anthropologists discovered early on, and the missionaries. Moreover, he is good, eternal and omnipresent. Supreme God, as with Yahweh in the Old Testament, but instead they became gods in themselves, because these intermediaries re-quested or required cultic worship, ritual and exigencies that are foreign and inadequate in the description and understanding of the angelic intermediaries of the Old Testament. Although there is much in the Supreme Being which corresponds with the biblical conception of deity, Romans 1:21 argues that this knowledge has been illegitimately expanded and perverted. Supreme God, as with Yahweh in the Old Testament, but instead they became gods in themselves, because these intermediaries re-quested or required cultic worship, ritual and exigencies that are foreign and inadequate in the description and understanding of the angelic intermediaries of the Old Testament. The entry makes the African moral language its point of departure, for the language of morality gives insight into the moral thinking or ideas of the society. Using Readings 5 , 6 and 7 summarize the African understanding of God and his/her characteristics, as well as the set of moral and spiritual values used by Africans to define a genuine human being and a genuine man/woman of God, Part 2. In South Africa, God has been experienced as freedom and truth, as comrade and friend in the struggle for freedom. In attempting to answer this question we will examine their similarities and differences, and then we will consider whether African concepts of God¹ are more similar or dissimilar to the God of the Bible. native-born African is unaware of God’s existence (O’Donovan 1996:41). African ideas of God: a symposium. (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. Instead, they address lesser gods, many of whom have distinct functions. Neith, goddess sometimes associated with wisdom; Thoth, originally a moon deity, later became the god of knowledge and wisdom and the scribe of the gods; Sia, the deification of wisdom; Isis, goddess of wisdom, magic and kingship.She was said to be "more clever than a million gods". The problem with the African concepts of God is that they go no further than speculation. 1999. That is the law of creation. This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … In so doing explain the notion of the Egyptian problem and the “Greek miracle.”, Finally explain the most important thing you learned from this assignment and how it helped you achieve the educational goals of our course. Rather, it seems that there is less of a chasm between God and the other spirit beings, and that the category used to understand the remoteness of the Supreme Being is not transcendence but differing communal responsibilities (Turaki, 1999: 156). The visible world is creation as we perceive around us. Write my Class essay delivers high quality work and I am happy to be a repeat customer. Its beliefs cannot be separated from a person’s external factors. Byang Kato (1985: 32) states this point with great clarity when he says, “Whatever rationalization we may try to make, the worship of gods in Africa is idolatry”⁶. Yet God is immanent. Thus, the God of the Bible is different to the Supreme Being of Africa in that he is knowable and relational. If we had an infinite and completely comprehensive understanding of God, we, too, would be God, having omniscience. Biblical Christianity in Africa: a collection of papers and addresses. The universe consists of two spheres, the one being visible and the other invisible. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. In African traditions, religion was integrated in every aspect of life and daily activities. Return to essay, ³ However, the dual activities of providing and protecting are not undertaken directly by the Supreme Being. These similarities extend over both the character and the work of each deity. African mythology permeates Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Niger, Ghana, Gambia, and it has been transported through slavery to Brazil, Cuba, Trinidad, Guyana, Haiti and other South American and Caribbean countries. By this he is asserting that God has revealed himself in a general way through what has been created and in that sense he has spoken and continues to speak to every African. The term ‘ethics’ is technically used by philosophers tomean a philosophical study of morality—morality understood as aset of social rules, principles, norms that guide or are intended toguide the conduct of people in a society, and as beliefs about rightand wrong conduct as well as good or bad character. Notice that his argument is built on a fundamental continuity between the biblical God and the African God, and thus it is basically flawed. Thus, to have many children who can preserve one's memory is to secure one's immortality. Attributes of God (Supreme Being) in Africa: Attributes of God refers to words or phrases ascribing traits, properties, qualities or characteristics to the Thus, in contrast to the humanistic view of sin in the African tradition, the God of the Bible is seen to be holy and just. The encounter of Christian faith and African religion. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). In African-American Christian worship God is known and understood as the One who sides with the weak and oppressed. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. Thus, at the point where revelation from the deity becomes re-creation into a new deity, it becomes impossible to see the biblical God as a continuity of the African God⁷ (Turaki, 1999: 160). (x) God is Spirit and is invisible. Yet, at the same time it must always be maintained that this is fundamentally a different God due to Africa’s distortion of general revelation. From these two beliefs it naturally follows that the Supreme Being is seen as almighty; for he has the power to do anything he desires (O’Donovan, 1995: 41). Return to essay, ² There is some argument about whether the Supreme Being created ex nihilo or merely organised some type of existing matter. If so, what are they?”. In light of the two points above, there do seem to be major differences between the African conception of the Supreme Being and the Christian conception of God. Explain the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding. The Supreme Being is personal in the sense of possessing personhood; therefore deity is referred to as a ‘He’ and not as an ‘it’ or a ‘power’ (Gehman, 2005: 319). Seemingly, the theological view of God who sent his Son, Jesus Christ, to save us, needs to be further developed in the African understanding of God (Supreme Being) (cf. So I read on and on, and conducted field research to learn more and more. Return to essay, ⁶ It is worth quoting Nyirongo (1997: 16) on this point at length: “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. At a pilgrimage prayer service dedicated to the “God Beyond all Names”, Dr Nontando Hadebe reflected that in most African languages there are no pronouns. Write my Essay | I need help with my School Assignment, A photo posted by Writemyclassessay (@writemyclassessay). GEHMAN, R.J. African traditional religion in biblical perspective. Firstly, Africans do know something about God. The African belief in one Creator God on the one hand, and lesser gods on the other hand, raises the question of whether African Traditional Religion should be termed monotheistic or polytheistic. These signify a transcendent, almighty and theophaneous God. African spirituality is a way of life. At a pilgrimage prayer service dedicated to the “God Beyond all Names”, Dr Nontando Hadebe reflected that in most African languages there are no pronouns. vehicle for Christian missionary work and the authority for Christological understanding and interpretation, Africa has become a very fascinating region due to its growing Christian populations. critical understanding of African worldview, the place of African philosophy and the significance of myths in the reflection of African experience. This entry is intended to make some contribution to the understanding of African ethical thinking. Although Christian orthodoxy defines the doctrine of the Trinity, the intellectual tools used to capture it significantly vary. Definitely a huge help for me, I appreciate everything and everyone there. Pretty good site, excellent writers and staff! Here is a 20% discount for our Academic Research Writing service. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. 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And practices of African philosophy, earth and God others, holiness, justice, and!, R.J. African traditional understanding is believed to be manifested physically, but to exist spiritually 21. Finds when you walk into Africa, and conducted field Research to learn more and more undertaken directly by finite... Is seldom charged with wrong doing in Africa, and the missionaries to. Light of the major problems in a deity in our context centre ( to... Http: //www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp? title=1746, « Worth Hearing: Showbread - Matthias Replaces Judas in these and! Undertaken directly by the finite is attempting to understand the Infinite who has revealed himself quality work I! Difference of names due to languages african understanding of god controls thunder and lightning engaged my attention was the thinking of African thinking! The Yoruba religion “ diffused ” monotheism name and email below and I 'll send it to you both character. 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